By Jeremy Rochow
Published: Wednesday, November 6, 2019
Love your lattes? Crave a cappuccino? Maybe you’d prefer an Americano or a long black. Macchiato anybody?
Australia has become a coffee-obsessed nation, but have you ever wondered how our most popular brewed beverage is consumed around the world?
From Africa across the Pacific to South America, here are a few ways coffee is enjoyed by different cultures around the globe.
Turkish coffee is famous the world over, and for good reason. The Turks have revelled in a vibrant coffee-house culture as far back as the 1500s – long before baristas graced Australian shores.
Coffee in Turkey is strong, dark and sweet. Beans – usually arabica or robusta varieties – are finely ground to resemble the texture of cocoa powder.
The ground coffee is then boiled with sugar and spices like cardamom and cinnamon in a special pot called a cevze.
The grounds settle at the bottom of the cup, leaving a strong, sweet brew coffee lovers will enjoy.
Considering Italy is the birthplace of espresso, it’s almost a sin to visit without trying its signature drink.
You’ll want to follow some coffee etiquette when ordering a brewed beverage in Italy.
Firstly, if you ask for a latte, you’ll get a cup of cold milk – latte is Italian for milk, after all.
Ask for a caffè e latte, and you’ll get a drink similar to what you find in Australia.
Cappuccino is probably the most famous Italian coffee, however in Italy it’s only acceptable to drink milky brews in the morning.
In the afternoon, order a caffè, which is a shot of espresso served in a small cup.
D’Angelo coffee roaster Tony D’Angelo says Italians have created a culture around good coffee.
“People get up in the morning and have a coffee with a pastry,” Mr D’Angelo says.
“A good Italian coffee is full-bodied, with caramel and chocolate flavours, and is pleasant and sweet.”
Head to Japan for a sneak peek into the potential future of coffee consumption.
Convenience is the key here, with both hot and cold canned coffee served straight from a vending machine.
In true Japanese style, it’s available on almost every street corner or train station for a few yen.
It shouldn’t come as a surprise that Brazilians love their coffee. The South American country produces 40% of the world’s coffee beans.
Here, café com leite is served with double strength coffee and plenty of hot milk. Coffee is so popular and ingrained in Brazil’s culture that it’s served to school kids.
Like your coffee sweet? If you do, head to Vietnam. Years of French occupation have heavily influenced Vietnamese coffee culture.
It’s served strong and hot, from a small drip filter that slowly fills your cup.
A few teaspoons of condensed milk are dolloped in to give it a rich, sweet flavour.
Ethiopia is where the coffee plant originated, and still holds a special place in Ethiopian culture.
The Ethiopian coffee ceremony is a spiritual practice, including everything from bean roasting to serving of the drink.
Producing the coffee can take several hours, but the end result is a beverage brewed with an array of spices to create a rich, unique flavour.
With a coffee shop on almost every city block, it shouldn’t come as a surprise that Americans are buzzing on a caffeine high.
As the birthplace of popular coffee chain Starbucks, America is famous for its fancy, sometimes downright weird, brewed beverages.
From pumpkin-spiced lattes to caramel macchiatos, you can find all sorts of strange, yet wonderful caffeinated beverages in the United States.
What makes a good coffee?
Many cultures enjoy a cuppa in some form or another, but what makes a universally good coffee?
Mr D’Angelo, who supplies CIBO Espresso with its beans, says quality is the key.
“You need good quality coffee beans, a really high quality machine, good grinder, water filtration and a passionate barista who cares about the product,” Mr D’Angelo says.
Coffee on ice
As Australia enters another long, hot summer, iced coffee will be a popular option.
The iced variety of one of our favourite drinks was arguably invented in Algeria in the 1840s by French troops who needed a cold drink to combat the scorching heat.
Originally, iced coffee consisted of little more than coffee syrup and cold water.
It was appropriately named Mazagran after the region where the French troops were serving.
Upon their return to France, the veterans suggested café owners serve the drink in tall glasses.
Iced coffee was born and has since spread across the world.